Overview of the Raise the Age Bill Package
1. Increase the maximum age of juvenile court jurisdiction from 17 to 18 years old.
(PA 98-113, Formerly HB 4133-4136, HB 4140, HB 4142-4143, HB 4145, HB 4443, HB 4452, SB 84, SB 90, SB 93, SB 97, SB 99-100)
Michigan is one of only four remaining states in the United States where 17-year-olds are automatically considered adults for criminal offenses. To align with standard national practices, Michigan should raise the age of juvenile court jurisdiction to 18.
2. Establish funding to ensure that 17-year-olds can access services available in the juvenile justice system.
(PA 114, PA 97, Formerly SB 101-102)
Juvenile court services are funded primarily from the DHHS Child Care Fund (CCF), a 50% cost-share between the counties and state. PA 114 (formerly Senate Bill 101) will give allow for 100 percent state reimbursement to counties for 17-year-olds until October 1, 2025, at which point the Legislature would reevaluate the funding formula using data provided by the counties.
Additional legislation (PA 97, formerly SB 102) would create a new “Raise the Age” fund within the state treasury. DHHS will be the administrator of the fund and would be tasked with expending the fund, upon appropriation, to support the cost of raising the age of juvenile court jurisdiction to 18.
3. Prohibit the placement of youth under 18 in adult jails and prisons, provide access to age-appropriate rehabilitation.
(PA 102, PA 104, PA 105, PA 111, Formerly HB 4140, HB 4143, HB 4145, SB 97)
Increases protections for any youth under 18 who would remain in adult jails/prisons by requiring they are housed separately from adult inmates. It also prohibits youth and adult inmates from being transported together in the same vehicle.